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Dry & Dehydrated skin - causes and treatments
Dry, dehydrated skin can be temporary, or a lifelong concern.

Dry skin can be genetically determined, or can be a product of an increasingly stressful lifestyle coupled with continual exposure to the sun, wind and chemicals in the environment. It can also be caused by inappropriate products on the skin.

Dry or dehydrated?

Dry skin, or allipoid skin, generally refers to skin that is lacking in oil. Dehydrated skin is characterized by a lack of moisture in the Stratum Corneum.

Oily skin can experience dehydration. As mentioned, dehydration is a lack of water, not oil. This means sebaceous oil activitly can still be normal or even overactive in dehydrated skin.

Both dry and dehydrated skin can experience:

Irritation, inflammation and itchiness
A feeling of tightness or tautness
A look or feel of roughness
Slight to severe flaking and scaling
Fine lines, cracks that can sometimes bleed and severe redness.

One of the biggest consequences is an increase in sensitivity, as dryness and dehydration are precursors to sensitized skin.

The top three causes of dry, dehydrated skin

Intrinsic Ageing
Intrinsic ageing is the most normal process of physical change over time that's more about genetics than lifestyle. (Lifestyle-induced ageing is known as premature ageing.) Activity of the sebaceous glands responsible for oil secretions tend to decrease with age, and the skin's natural hydrators decline over the years. Ageing also may cause blood flow to the skin to decrease, causing a drop in sebum production.

Weather / Environmental Elements
Prolonged exposure to the sun causes water to evaporate from the skin, which is why sunburnt skin requires more moisturization than unexposed areas. likewise, cold winds, air conditioning units, forced air heating and low temperatures can also dry out skin, contributing to premature ageing.

The trend of fat-free diets can deprive our bodies of skin-friendly Essential Fatty Acids (EFAs). This deficiency can result in chronic itching, dryness, scaling, thinning and can lead to an imbalance in prostagladins (chemical messengers that can do many things, such as control inflammation).

Excess intake of alcoholic beverages and certain medications (such as nasal decongestants) can also contribute to dry skin.

Proper treatment for results

Professional skin treatments can deliver immediate relief to dry or dehydrated skin while improving texture and tone. Before beginning, your skin therapist will perform Face mapping zone-by-zone analysis to determine if skin is dry or dehydrated, then create a customised treatment around your specific needs that very day.

Overuse of moisturisers can contribute to dead skin cell build up, clogged pores and a lackluster appearance. Professional exfoliation will remove dead skin cells and debris, helping to bring newer cells to the surface while prepping skin for subsequent product application.

Galvanic current is a professional device that helps drive nourishing, replenishing ingredients deep into layers of the epidermis, where dry, dehydrated skin starts.

A constant home care regime prescribed by your skin therapist will dramatically impact the health of your skin. Along with your regime, keep the following tips in mind:

Do not use hot water when cleansing
Perform gentle upwards circles with the hands when cleansing, applying moisturiser or SPF, etc.
Steer clear of products with artificial fragrances, colours and S.D. alcohol.
Be aware of hormones, stress levels, and alcohol and nicotine intake, as these will affect dryness of skin.

Below are links to Dermalogica products that may be recommended for Dry and Dehydrated skin: 
Essential Cleansing SolutionExtra Firming Booster
Daily MicrofoliantSuper Rich Repair
Multi-Active TonerExtra Rich Face Block SPF 30
Skin Hydrating MasqueMultiVitamin Bodyblock SPF 20
Skin Hydrating Booster  
Use the links above to see more or buy the products. For further advice and information feel free to contact us via our Contact Page.
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